WHAT IS ALOPECIA?

Alopecia areata is “a common condition of undetermined etiology characterized by circumscribed, nonscarring, usually asymmetric areas of baldness on the scalp, eyebrows, and bearded portion of the face.”

In the majority of cases, hair falls out in small patches around the size of a quarter. For most people, the hair loss is nothing more than a few patches, though in some cases it can be more extreme.

Sometimes, it can lead to the complete loss of hair on the scalp (alopecia totalis ) or, in extreme cases, the entire body (alopecia universalis).

Alopecia areata is considered to be an autoimmune disease, where the immune system mistakenly attacks the body’s own cells instead of harmful foreign invaders.

In the case of alopecia areata, the immune system attacks the hair follicles causing inflammation, which leads to hair loss.For appointments call 9004839333,Clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai.

 

RINGWORM

Tinea corporis refers to ringworm of the trunk, legs, or arms. Different fungi cause tinea corporis in different parts of the world. It’s common for this infection to originate in the feet or nails, then spread to other body parts. It may spread to the:

  • feet,
  • scalp,
  • groin, or
  • nails

When fungus affects the skin of the body, it often produces the round spots of classic ringworm, which is characterized by a red ring of scaly skin that grows outward as the infection spreads. Though children are especially susceptible to catching ringworm, it can affect adults as well.

Acute and Chronic Ringworm of the Body

Tinea corporis can be acute or chronic. When acute, the fungus causes suddenly appearing, itchy, red patches that may fill with pus and spread rapidly. When chronic, tinea corporis spreads by slightly inflamed rashes more slowly, and tends to appear in body folds. Widespread chronic tinea corporis is harder to treat and is more likely to reappear.For appointments for treatments of any skin,hair and nail ailments call 9004839333.Clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai.

 

SCABIES

Scabies is a skin condition caused by an infestation of the human itch mite called Sarcoptes scabiei. These microscopic mites burrow into the skin and cause symptoms of itching and rash.

Anyone can get scabies. It is found all over the world and the mite is transmitted by direct and prolonged skin-to-skin contact with a person who has scabies. Sexual contact is the most common way scabies is transmitted. Transmission can also happen from parents to children, particularly mother-to-infant. The mite can only survive about 48 to 72 hours without human contact, so it is uncommon, though possible, for scabies to spread through infested bedding or furniture. Scabies mites can only live about 72 hours without human contact, but once on a person, the mites can live up to two months. Mites survive longer in colder conditions with higher humidity. Once on a person, mites can burrow into the skin, and symptoms usually begin three to six weeks after infestation.

Symptoms of scabies are usually itching (which tends to be more intense at night), and a pimple-like rash. Scabies rash can appear on any part of the body, but the most common sites are wrists, elbows, armpits, the skin between the fingers and toes and around the nails, and skin usually covered by clothing such as the buttocks, belt line, nipples, and penis. Infants and young children may have scabies rash on their head, face, neck, palms, and soles.

In some patients with weakened immune systems, scabies rash may become crusted.For  treatment and appointments call 9004839333.Clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai.

 

PIGMENTATION

Normal skin contains cells called melanocytes. These cells produce Melanin, the substance that gives skin its color.

Skin with too much melanin is called hyperpigmented skin.

Skin with too little melanin is called hypopigmented skin.

Pale skin areas are due to too little melanin or underactive melanocytes. Darker areas of skin (or an area that tans more easily) occurs when you have more melanin or overactive melanocytes.

Bronzing of the skin may sometimes be mistaken for a suntan. This skin discoloration often develops slowly, starting at the elbows, knuckles, and knees and spreading from there. Bronzing may also be seen on the soles of the feet and the palms of the hands. The bronze color can range from light to dark (in fair-skinned people) with the degree of darkness due to the underlying cause.

Causes

Causes of hyperpigmentation include:

  • Skin inflammation (post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation)
  • Use of certain drugs (such as minocycline and birth control pills)
  • Endocrine diseases such as Addison diseases
  • Hemochromatosis (iron overload)
  • Sun exposure
  • Pregnancy

Causes of hypopigmentation include:

  • Skin inflammation
  • Certain fungal infections (such as tinea versicolor)
  • Pityriasis alba
  • Vitiligo
  • Certain medicines
  • Skin condition called idiopathic guttate hyomelanosis

For appointments call 9004839333 at our clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra    in Mumbai  for all skin,hair and nail ailments.

SYMPTOMS OF HERPIS

Most people do not have apparent symptoms for many months, or even years after becoming infected. Those who do have symptoms during the initial period will usually notice them about 4-7 days after being infected.

Primary infection symptoms

Primary infection is a term used for an outbreak of genital herpes that occurs when a person is first infected.

Primary infection symptoms, if they are experienced, are usually more severe than later recurrences.

Symptoms can last up to 20 days and may include:

  • Blisters and ulceration on the cervix
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Pain when urinating
  • High temperature (fever)
  • Malaise (feeling unwell)
  • Cold sores around the mouth
  • Red blisters – these are generally painful; they soon burst and leave ulcers on the external genital area, thighs, buttocks, and rectum

In most cases, the ulcers will heal, and the patient will not have any lasting scars.

Call 9004839333 for appointments at our clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai for skin,hair and nail ailments.

WHEN IS CHEMICAL PEEL APPROPRIATE?

Chemical peels are used to treat a number of conditions including:

  • Acne scars
  • Aging Skin
  • Crow’s Feet
  • Hyperpigmentation
  • Melasma
  • Scars
  • Sun damaged skin
  • Sagging skin
  • Wrinkles

Who is not a candidate for a chemical peel?

Generally light-haired and fair skinned people are the best candidates for chemical peel. The procedure does not work as well on dark-skinned patients. The procedure is not recommended for individuals with infections, active skin disease, cut or broken skin, sunburns or active Herpes simplex 1 sores. Other counter-indications include patients who are:

  • Nursing or pregnant.
  • Have psoriasis, eczema, dermatitis or rosacea.

For  appointments  call 9004839333.Clinics at  Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai.

 

CAUSES OF ALLERGY

The risk of an allergic reaction is dependent on either host or environmental factors. An allergy is dependent on its host when the person is genetically predisposed for that allergy, either through inherited disease or congenital deficiency. An environmentally-dependent allergy is triggered when the person comes in contact with an infectious disease, an airborne allergen, pollution, or if they change their diet.

Genetic Causes

A parent with an allergy is more likely to pass it to their child, and the child’s allergy is also likely to be more severe. Identical twins will share the same allergy 70% of the time.

Environmental Causes

A person is more likely to suffer from an allergy if they live in a highly industrialized country, such as factory-heavy regions. On the national level, allergies are more common in an individual that lives in an urban area as opposed to a rural area.For all skin,hair and nail ailments visit our clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra.For appointments call 9004839333.

 

 

ACNES

You look in the mirror to see a pus-filled explosion has erupted on your nose and chin. You turn around to catch a glimpse of the cyst-like pimples that have taken up residence on your back, and any sort of pressure you put on them causes a lot of pain. No, you haven’t contracted the plague. It’s just acne, but the pain, discomfort and embarrassment of having less than perfect skin can certainly make you feel like an outcast.

Acne is a skin condition that produces inflamed breakouts on your skin. The breakouts occur when your skin’s sebaceous glands, which produce the sebum (oil) that keeps your skin and hair moisturized, become clogged by dead skin cells or an abundance of sebum. When clogging occurs, bacteria  can develop, and these bacteria are at the root of acne’s inflammation. Whether you call them zits, pimples, blackheads or whiteheads, acne breakouts tend to be one of two major varieties:

  • Acne vulgaris:This is the more common form of acne, which manifests itself in blackheads or whiteheads.
  • Acne cystic:This severe form of acne occurs when the clog is deep within the follicle. It manifests itself in the form of red bumps, pustules, nodules and cysts on the skin. These can be very painful, and they can also cause scarring.

For treatment of acnes visit your nearest dermatologist.Call 9004839333 for appointments at our clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai.

HEALTH TIPS TO AVOID SKIN DISEASES

Here are a few health tips to prevent the contraction of skin diseases.

  • Sun protection: Over-exposure to the sun and its UV rays results in excessive skin damage that can lead to sunburn or even skin cancer. Therefore, the number one tip would be towear sunscreen or sun block to prevent the damage of the skin from sunrays. Staying away from direct sunlight from 11:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. would also provide protection.
  • Wash hands well: Washing hands prevent the spread of infections, however, it is largely underrated.
  • Include fruits and vegetables in the diet: Fruits and vegetables aid in providing the necessarynutrients necessary to keep the skin glowing and to ward off certain skin conditions and diseases by fortifying the body.
  • Attend to wounds: Skin is the biggest barrier against infections and a tear or a wound can open that barrier and increase the risk of infections. Moreover, untreated wounds may become severe and spread to other areas of the body.It is advisable to consult a dermatologist for all skin,hair and nail ailments.For appointments call9004839333 at our clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai.

SKIN TAGS

Skin tags are common, acquired benign skin growths that resemble a small, soft balloon suspended on a slender stalk. Skin tags are harmless growths that can vary in number from one to hundreds. Males and females are equally prone to developing skin tags. Obesity seems to be associated with skin tag development. Although some skin tags may fall off spontaneously, most persist once formed. The medical name for skin tag is acrochordon. Some people call them “skin tabs.”

Early on, skin tags may be as small as a flattened pinhead-sized bump. While most tags typically are small (2 mm-5 mm in diameter) at approximately one-third to one-half the size of a pencil eraser, some skin tags may become as large as a big grape (1 cm in diameter) or a fig (5 cm in diameter).For treatment and appointment call 9004839333.Clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai.