CAUSES OF NAIL INFECTION

Some of the causes of nail disorders include the following:

·         Infections such as paronychia warts and green nail syndrome

·         Injuries

·         Internal diseases such as certain lung diseases, which can cause yellow nail syndrome

·         Structural problems such as an ingrown toenail

·         Birth deformities such as pachyonychia congenital

·         Drugs

·         Tumors

With aging, nails become dry and brittle and flat or concave instead of convex. They may develop ridges along their length. Nail color may change to yellow or gray. Brittle nails may split.

Toenails require special attention in older people and in people with diabetes or peripheral vascular disease. Such people may have poor sensation in their feet, which increases the risk of injury when they try to trim their nails.For information and appointments call 9004839333.Clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai.

 

WHAT ARE PIMPLES AND ACNES?

Some people get one or two spots once in a while, whereas some others get frequent breakouts with lots of pus-filled pimples. If the second sounds more like you, it may be acne – a chronic or long-term condition that affects many teens and adults. Acne is a broader term, and is a more serious condition that is persistent in nature. Also known as acne vulgaris, this skin disease occurs as hair follicles are clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin. They manifest as blackheads or whiteheads, pimples, greasy skin, and sometimes even scarring.

Those red spots that you might see when you get out of bed and wash your face in front of the mirror are nothing but pimples! They are not really an outbreak, but a few spots that pop-up once a while, or during specific seasons. You most likely will experience some pain if you touch them, but try to keep your hands away from them as much as possible, to prevent them from spreading.For all skin,hair anndnail ailments visit our cclinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai.Call 9004839333.

BABIES AND NAIL INFECTION

  • What are nail infections?
    Nails are at risk of fungal infections during the rainy season, especially if your baby sweats and continually scratches himself. Nails can become discoloured, brittle and rough. In severe cases, the nail can come away from the nail bed. You may also notice red, swollen and itchy skin around the nails.
  • How did your baby get a nail infection? 
    This fungal infection can result from overexposure to water, damage to the nail, or scratching sweaty or infected skin. Any moisture or debris trapped under the nails encourages the infection to grow. Ingrown nails may also be prone to infections.
  • What can you do about your baby’s nail infection?

Its best to take your baby to a board certified dermatologist.

For all skin,hair and nail ailments call 9004839333.Clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai.

SYMPTOMS OF ALOPECIA

The most prominent symptom of alopecia areata is patchy hair loss. Coin-sized patches of hair begin to fall out, mainly from the scalp. Any site of hair growth may be affected, though, including the beard and eyelashes.

The loss of hair can be sudden, developing in just a few days or over a period of a few weeks. There may be itching or burning in the area prior to hair loss. The hair follicles are not destroyed and so hair can re-grow if the inflammation of the follicles subsides. People who experience just a few patches of hair loss often have a spontaneous, full recovery without any form of treatment.

About 30 percent of individuals who develop alopecia areata find that their condition either becomes more extensive or becomes a continuous cycle of hair loss and regrowth.

About half of patients recover from alopecia areata within 1 year, but many will experience more than one episode. Around 10 percent of people will go on to develop alopecia totalis or alopecia universalis.

Alopecia areata can also affect the fingernails and toenails, and sometimes these changes are the first sign that the condition is developing. There are a number of small changes that can occur to nails

  • Pinpoint dents appear
  • White spots and lines appear
  • Nails become rough
  • Nails lose their shine
  • Nails become thin and split

Additional clinical signs include:

  • Exclamation mark hairs – where a few short hairs that get narrower at their bottom and grow in or around the edges of bald spots
  • Cadaver hairs – hairs broken before reaching the skin surface
  • Regrowth of white hair in areas affected by hair loss.

For appointments call 9004839333.Clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai.

 

HERPES

The herpes simplex virus is a contagious virus that can be passed from person to person through direct contact. Children will often contract HSV-1 from early contact with an infected adult. They then carry the virus with them for the rest of their lives.

HSV-1

Infection with HSV-1 can happen from general interactions such as:

  • eating from the same utensils
  • sharing lip balm
  • kissing

The virus spreads more quickly when an infected person is experiencing an outbreak. Anywhere from 30 to 95 percent of adults are seropositive for HSV-1, though they may never experience an outbreak. It’s also possible to get genital herpes from HSV-1 if someone who performed oral sex had cold sores during that time.

HSV-2

HSV-2 is contracted through forms of sexual contact with a person who has HSV-2. It is estimated that around 20 percent of sexually active adults are infected with HSV-2. While HSV-2 infections are spread through contact with a herpes sore, it is assumed that most people get HSV-1 from an infected person who is asymptomatic, or does not have sores.Call 9004839333 for appointments.Visit our clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai.

PRICKLY HEAT RASH

Prickly heat rash, also called miliaria, is a rash that can develop after a person sweats far more than usual and sweat glands become blocked.

Babies and children can also get prickly heat rash during hot or humid weather because their sweat glands are not fully developed.

Prickly heat causes an itchy rash of small red raised red spots with a prickling or stinging sensation.

Prickly heat usually affects parts of the body covered by clothes, such as the back, abdomen, neck, upper chest, groin or armpits.

Prickly heat usually clears up on its own within a few days. However, in serious cases heat rash can interfere with the body’s heat-regulating mechanism and cause heat exhaustion.
Heatstroke  is a more serious condition when the body can no longer cool itself. This is a medical emergency.

What causes prickly heat rash?

 

Heat rash begins with excessive perspiration, usually in a hot, humid environment. The perspiration makes it easier for dead skin  cells and bacteria on the skin  to block the sweat glands, forming a barrier and trapping sweat beneath the skin, where it builds up, causing the characteristic bumps. As the bumps burst and sweat is released, there may be a prickly, or stinging sensation that gives this condition its name.

What are the symptoms of heat rash?

Small, itchy red bumps on the skin are the symptoms of heat rash. The rash may feel prickly, stinging or burning.For appointments for treatments call 9004839333.Clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra.

 

SCABIES

Scabies is a skin condition caused by an infestation of the human itch mite called Sarcoptes scabiei. These microscopic mites burrow into the skin and cause symptoms of itching and rash.

Anyone can get scabies. It is found all over the world and the mite is transmitted by direct and prolonged skin-to-skin contact with a person who has scabies. Sexual contact is the most common way scabies is transmitted. Transmission can also happen from parents to children, particularly mother-to-infant. The mite can only survive about 48 to 72 hours without human contact, so it is uncommon, though possible, for scabies to spread through infested bedding or furniture. Scabies mites can only live about 72 hours without human contact, but once on a person, the mites can live up to two months. Mites survive longer in colder conditions with higher humidity. Once on a person, mites can burrow into the skin, and symptoms usually begin three to six weeks after infestation.

Symptoms of scabies are usually itching (which tends to be more intense at night), and a pimple-like rash. Scabies rash can appear on any part of the body, but the most common sites are wrists, elbows, armpits, the skin between the fingers and toes and around the nails, and skin usually covered by clothing such as the buttocks, belt line, nipples, and penis. Infants and young children may have scabies rash on their head, face, neck, palms, and soles.

In some patients with weakened immune systems, scabies rash may become crusted.For  treatment and appointments call 9004839333.Clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai.