EFFECTS OF AIR POLLUTION ON SKIN

Air pollution has a wide range of sources, the most common include cigarette smoke, dust, smog, and car exhaust. These sources contain tiny particles that can actually penetrate the skin’s barrier and cause problems, including:

  • decreased moisture and elasticity
  • acne
  • dull and dry skin
  • eczema
  • skin allergies
  • rashes
  • wrinkles

Air pollution particles can speed up the normal aging process. While loosing some moisture and elasticity is a part of natural process pollution can starve the skin of oxygen and dry the skin’s natural oils. Some forms of pollution can even create free radicals, which can alter the very DNA of the skin cells, leading to cancer. This is what causes additional damage.For all skin,hair and nail ailments visit our clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai.Call 9004839333.

ACNES

You look in the mirror to see a pus-filled explosion has erupted on your nose and chin. You turn around to catch a glimpse of the cyst-like pimples that have taken up residence on your back, and any sort of pressure you put on them causes a lot of pain. No, you haven’t contracted the plague. It’s just acne, but the pain, discomfort and embarrassment of having less than perfect skin can certainly make you feel like an outcast.

Acne is a skin condition that produces inflamed breakouts on your skin. The breakouts occur when your skin’s sebaceous glands, which produce the sebum (oil) that keeps your skin and hair moisturized, become clogged by dead skin cells or an abundance of sebum. When clogging occurs, bacteria  can develop, and these bacteria are at the root of acne’s inflammation. Whether you call them zits, pimples, blackheads or whiteheads, acne breakouts tend to be one of two major varieties:

  • Acne vulgaris:This is the more common form of acne, which manifests itself in blackheads or whiteheads.
  • Acne cystic:This severe form of acne occurs when the clog is deep within the follicle. It manifests itself in the form of red bumps, pustules, nodules and cysts on the skin. These can be very painful, and they can also cause scarring.

For treatment of acnes visit your nearest dermatologist.Call 9004839333 for appointments at our clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai.

ICHTHYOSIS

Ichthyosis is a family of genetic skin disorders characterized by dry, scaling skin that may be thickened or very thin.  Ichthyosis affects people of all ages, races and gender. The disease usually presents at birth, or within the first year, and continues to affect the patient throughout their lifetime.

What are some of the problems associated with ichthyosis?
Besides the common scaling condition of the skin and depending on the severity, there may be associated psychological symptoms due to the abnormal appearance of the skin. Ichthyosis is disfiguring for most affected individuals. In addition to the numerous medical complications like dehydration, infections, chronic blistering, overheating, and rapid-calorie loss, patients with ichthyosis are subjected to psychological issues. Patients are often ostracized and concerns of isolation, low self-esteem, and depression are common due to the appearance of their visible, chronically shedding skin.Consult a dermatologist for treatment of the disease.Call 9004839333 for appointments at our clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai.

SKIN ALLERGIES

Something touches your skin, and your immune system thinks it’s under attack. It overreacts and sends antibodies to help fight the invader, called an allergen. The result is a red, itchy rash where the substance landed.

It is called Contact Dermatitis. There are two types:

  • Irritant contact dermatitis is caused by chemicals like harsh cleaners.
  • Allergic contact dermatitis is just like it sounds — your body reacts to an allergy trigger.

People who have allergies  react to things that wouldn’t bother most others.Anything from plants to dyes and fragrances found in everyday products might be allergens.

You could also have an allergic reaction to something in the air that settles on your skin, like pollen, chemical sprays, powders, fibers, or cigarette smoke. This is called airborne contact dermatitis, and it mostly happens on eyelids, head, and neck. Skin allergies can also cause hives and swelling deep in your skin, called angioedema.

Visit our clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai for all skin,hair and nail ailments.For appointments call 9004839333.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EFFECTS OF DEHYDRATION ON SKIN AND HAIR

The average adult human body is about 60 percent water. Skin alone contains 63 percent water. Water is required for our cells to transport nutrients and minerals throughout our bodies, and also to help eliminate wastes and toxins. When you don’t drink enough water, you become dehydrated. Dehydration prevents your body from eliminating toxins through your skin, which in turn makes your skin more susceptible to skin problems and disorders, such as dry skin, eczema, psoriasis, discoloration, and even premature wrinkling. Assuming these issues were caused by dehydration, they can be improved over time with proper hydration.

There’s no doubt that adequate water intake is also needed for hair cells to transport nutrients and vitamins to the hair root. This process is responsible for keeping hair hydrated from the inside out, which directly affects hair growth and retention. If you’ve been experiencing hair breakage and shedding, or you haven’t seen noticeable hair growth after several months, dehydration may be to blame. Because our bodies rely so heavily on water, vital parts like the brain, heart, kidneys, blood, and lungs receive water first, while the hair gets whatever is left over. If you’re not drinking much water, chances are, that’s little or nothing. Besides encouraging hair growth, proper hydration can also help with dry scalp, itching, and flaking.So always drink lots of water,eat fresh fruits and vegetables like Watermelon,Cantaloupe,Kiwi,Apple,Mint,Pineapple,Orange and Lemons to keep yourself hydrated.Also avoid meat,oily and spicy food in summer.Excess tea,coffee and other caffeinated drinks should be avoided.For information and queries on skin,hair and nails visit our clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai .Call 9004839333 for appointments.

WHAT IS DANDRUFF?

Dandruff is a form of seborrheic dermatitis. Seborrheic dermatitis is a common type of chronic dermatosis that usually affects areas of the body that contain plenty of sebaceous glands like the scalp, face, chest and body folds.

 

Sebaceous glands secrete sebum, a waxy substance which lubricates hair and skin. Mild seborrheic dermatitis that affects the scalp is called dandruff (pityriasis sicca) and results in a characteristic flaking.  Of note, in infants, mild seborrheic dermatitis results in a condition called “cradle cap.”

Dandruff can begin in childhood and has a gradual onset. The course of dandruff waxes and wanes with flare-ups and remissions common. Infantile and adolescent dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis can remit with age or continue through adulthood.

Dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis affects about 2 percent to 5 percent of the general population and is more likely to affect men. Some people complain that their dandruff worsens during the fall and winter or in dry environments. Moreover, sunlight has a variable effect on dandruff; some people think that sunlight improves their dandruff, and others think sunlight makes their dandruff worse.

Scaling typical of dandruff usually affects the entire scalp and can also affect eyebrows and eyelashes. This scaling is usually gray-white or orange-red in color and sloughs off of either flattened lesions (macules or patches) or raised lesions (papules). (The term :”lesion” is medical jargon for irregular growths of skin.) In addition to scaling, dandruff can also be dry and itchy, and inflammation is evident on histologic or microscopic examination.

For more information and appointment call 9004839333.Visit our clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai for all skin,hair nail ailments.

 

ALL ABOUT FINGERNAILS

Your fingernails — composed of laminated layers of a protein called keratin — grow from the area at the base of the nail under your cuticle. Healthy fingernails are smooth, without pits or grooves. They’re uniform in color and consistency and free of spots or discoloration.

Sometimes fingernails develop harmless vertical ridges that run from the cuticle to the tip of the nail. Vertical ridges tend to become more prominent with age. Fingernails can also develop white lines or spots due to injury, but these eventually grow out with the nail.

Not all nail conditions are normal, however. Consult your dermatologist if you notice:

  • Changes in nail color, such as discoloration of the entire nail or a dark streak under the nail
  • Changes in nail shape, such as curled nails
  • Thinning or thickening of the nails
  • Separation of the nail from the surrounding skin
  • Bleeding around the nails
  • Swelling or pain around the nails

Fingernail care: Do’s and don’ts

To keep your fingernails looking their best:

  • Keep fingernails dry and clean.This prevents bacteria from growing under your fingernails. Repeated or prolonged contact with water can contribute to split fingernails. Wear cotton-lined rubber gloves when washing dishes, cleaning or using harsh chemicals.
  • Practice good nail hygiene.Use a sharp manicure scissors or clippers. Trim your nails straight across, then round the tips in a gentle curve.
  • Use moisturizer.When you use hand lotion, rub the lotion into your fingernails and cuticles, too.
  • Apply a protective layer.Applying a nail hardener might help strengthen nails.
  • Consumption of biotin. The nutritional supplement biotin might help strengthen weak or brittle fingernails after consultation from a board certified Dermatologist.

For appointments call 9004839333.Clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai.