TYPES OF ACNE SCARS

Acne scarring need not necessarily be of one type. The more severe scarring on the skin is usually known as an ‘ice pick’. These scars are jagged and shallow or deep like ice pick stabs. They occur as a result of deep tissue loss from deep, nodular acne.

Follicular Macular Atrophy
They are small, soft and white lesions which look like tiny whiteheads just under the surface of your skin. They tend to appear on your chest and back.

Atrophic Macules
These are soft and sometimes wrinkled and can also turn blue in appearance because of blood vessels which lie directly under the scar.

Soft scars
They have sloping or rolling edges that seem to merge
with your normal skin. They are most often circular, linear or small.

Depressed Fibrotic scars
These scars are steep, large and sharp. Ice pick scars over time can also develop to be depressed fibrotic scars.

For treatment and queries visit our clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai.Call 9004839333.

SKINCARE DURING MONSOON

After bearing that extreme heat of sun in summer days monsoon comes as sing of relief , little changes in the way you take care of your skin could have positive effects during monsoons.

  • Keep skin moist by using soap free cleansers.
  • Sunscreen lotion must be used even if sun is not visible.
  • Waterproof light make up will be a better choice.
  • Nails should be kept clean by regular manicure, pedicures.
  • Use luke warm water instead of cold water.
  • Fungal infections are more common so avoid keeping skin wet for long use antifungal soaps, powders.
  • Keep skin well hydrated by using good moisturiser depending upon individual skin type.

Visit  our clinics at  Malad,Juhu  and Bandra in Mumbai  for all skin,hair and nail ailments.Call 9004839333 for appointments.

 

CAUSES OF HAIR LOSS

Women who suffer from androgenetic alopecia may lose large amounts of hair. Though this type of hair loss is more common in older women, it can occur at any age, including the teenage years. Thyroid disorders, anemia and pregnancy can cause young females to lose their hair. Young women may also lose their hair due to skin conditions such as seborrheic dermatitis and scalp psoriasis. Women who suffer from polycystic ovarian syndrome may also lose their hair at a young age.

Hormonal imbalances due to circumstances such as childbirth can cause temporary hair loss in young females. Autoimmune conditions such as alopecia areata, which is a condition that causes the woman’s immune system to attack her hair follicles, causes hair loss in young women. Young females may also lose their hair due to ringworm infections on the scalp or conditions such as scarring alopecia.

Medications used to treat cancer, high blood pressure and heart problems may cause hair loss in young women. Some birth control pills could also cause a woman to lose greater amounts of her hair. Radiation therapy to the head, hairstyles that pull the hair tight, hot oil treatments that cause inflammation of hair follicles, and trigger events such as stress, emotional shock and excessive weight loss may cause hair loss in young women.

Young women who suffer from trichotillomania, which is a hair-pulling disorder, often lose large amounts of hair.For more information and appointments call 9004839333 at our clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai.

PIGMENTATION

You may not have deep frown lines or crow’s feet, but if you feel like you’re ageing, chances are it’s thanks to uneven skin tone. Now, we’re not talking a sweet smattering of freckles, but bigger, uneven brown patches on not only the face but hands, décolletage and shoulder areas. It’s these ageing dark spots of bother that is known as pigmentation, caused by sun exposure and specifically the UVA rays which penetrate deep into your skin and cause ageing.

UVA stimulates your pigment cells called Melanocytes to manufacture the pigment called Melanin. This is responsible for your tan and also your unwanted dark patches. These sun spots may take up to 10-20 years to develop, so if you notice some showing now it could have been caused when you were a child.Visit  our  clinis   at  Malad,Juhu and  Bandra in Mumbai  for all skin,hair an nail ailments.Call  9004839333 for appointments.

TYPES OF MOLES

Not all moles are created equal. Here’s a quick guide to mole types and what they mean for our skin. It’s good to note that moles are categorized by multiple factors, including when they developed, where they are located in the skin and if they exhibit typical or atypical symptoms. That means moles are often described by multiple classifications. For instance, you can have a common acquired junctional nevus or an atypical congenital nevus.

Common

A common mole is one that is usually about 5-6 mm in diameter, has distinct edges, a smooth, dome-like surface and even pigmentation. These moles are usually found on skin regularly exposed to the sun and have the potential to turn into skin cancer, but it is a rare occurrence.

Atypical

Atypical moles, or dysplastic nevi, are moles that exhibit irregular symptoms. They usually have fuzzy or blurry borders, are varied in color, larger than most moles and have both flat and raised components. While dysplastic nevi share a lot of the same signs of pre-cancerous or cancerous moles, most dysplastic nevi are benign. However, a person with many dysplastic nevi is at an increased risk for skin cancer. The more dysplastic nevi a person has, the higher the risk. Regular self-examinations are important to detect changes in these types of moles.

Mole types by time

Congenital

Congenital moles, also known as congenital nevi, are moles that are present at birth. They are caused by melanocyte cells in the dermis (middle layer of skin), epidermis (outer layer of skin), or both. These types of moles can range in size and are sometimes referred to as birthmarks. Congenital nevi can be at risk of developing into melanoma later in life and should be monitored as you enter adolescence and adulthood.

Acquired

Acquired moles are moles that appear during childhood and adulthood. Most of these moles are benign and pose no risk, although sometimes they can turn into cancerous moles with age. This is the most common type of mole, and it is usually caused by repeated sun exposure.

Mole types by location

Junctional Melanocytic Nevi

Junctional melanocytic nevi are moles that occur from an accumulation of melanocytes where the dermis and epidermis meet. These moles are typically slightly raised with regular borders and dark pigmentation, although they can range in color from tan to dark brown. People normally acquire these moles in childhood to early adulthood, because, as we age, it is common for melanocytes to migrate down to deeper layers of the skin.

Intradermal Nevi

Intradermal nevi are flesh colored moles that often blend in with your surrounding skin. Their pigmentation is not as dark as junctional melanocytic nevi because they are located in the dermis, or the middle layer of your skin. These moles usually develop in late childhood or throughout adulthood and are very common and usually benign.

Compound Nevi

Compound nevi show signs of both intradermal and junctional nevi, with melanocyte cells located in the dermis and dermo-epidermis junction. These moles usually have a central raised area with flat areas around the edges. They usually have distinct borders and even pigmentation.

Other mole types to note

Halo Nevi

Halo nevi are raised moles that have a ring of skin around them that has lost pigmentation due to inflammatory infiltrating cells.Visit  our clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai for all skin,hair and nail ailments.Call 9004839333 for appointments.

MOLES

A mole or nevus is a dark, raised spot on our skin comprised of skin cells that have grown in a group rather than individually. These cells are called melanocytes and are responsible for producing melanin, the pigment (color) in our skin.

Moles can form from sun exposure, but we are also born with them, inheriting them genetically. Although number of moles varies from person to person, fair skinned people generally have more moles due to lower amounts of melanin in their skin, and the average adult has between 10 and 40 moles. Moles can even come and go with hormonal changes such as pregnancy or puberty.

Most people develop more moles on their skin naturally with age and sun exposure, and — most of the time — these moles are harmless. However, we need to conduct skin checks regularly (recommended monthly, especially if you have a

relative with skin cancer, or at least every three months) to see if our moles have changed.

Visit our clinics at  Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai for all skin,hair and nail ailments.Call 9004839333 for appointments.

 

CAUSES OF NAIL INFECTION

Some of the causes of nail disorders include the following:

·         Infections such as paronychia warts and green nail syndrome

·         Injuries

·         Internal diseases such as certain lung diseases, which can cause yellow nail syndrome

·         Structural problems such as an ingrown toenail

·         Birth deformities such as pachyonychia congenital

·         Drugs

·         Tumors

With aging, nails become dry and brittle and flat or concave instead of convex. They may develop ridges along their length. Nail color may change to yellow or gray. Brittle nails may split.

Toenails require special attention in older people and in people with diabetes or peripheral vascular disease. Such people may have poor sensation in their feet, which increases the risk of injury when they try to trim their nails.For information and appointments call 9004839333.Clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai.