SKIN DISEASES IN MONSOON

Infections: The commonest of infections during monsoon are facial folliculitis (an inflammation of the hair follicles), acne and ringworm. The cause of such infections is mostly bacterial or fungal. People are more susceptible to infections during this season due to excessive sweating, dehydration, photo-toxiceffects of the sun and, of course, humidity.

Hyperhidrosis or excessive sweating: Hyperhidrosis is a medical condition characterised by excessive sweating in the armpits, palms, soles of the feet, face, scalp and torso. Such conditions can get worse during monsoon and lead to body odour and further infections.ffects of the sun and, of course, humidity.

Pigmentation/patchy uneven skin: Hyperpigmentation is characterised by a darkening of an area of skin caused by the overproduction of a pigment in the skin known as melanin. It is relatively common and usually harmless.

Dull, frizzy hair: Frizzy mane is a woman’s worst enemy during monsoon. The moisture in the air can play havoc with your beautiful tresses.

Skin allergies: It is extremely common in cities where pollution levels are sky-high. Commonly affected areas include upper back, hands and feet. Most often cause cannot be ascertained as allergies can have multiple sources.

Visit our clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai  for all skin,hair and nail ailments.Call 9004839333 for appointments.

PRICKLY HEAT RASH

Prickly heat rash, also called miliaria, is a rash that can develop after a person sweats far more than usual and sweat glands become blocked.

Babies and children can also get prickly heat rash during hot or humid weather because their sweat glands are not fully developed.

Prickly heat causes an itchy rash of small red raised red spots with a prickling or stinging sensation.

Prickly heat usually affects parts of the body covered by clothes, such as the back, abdomen, neck, upper chest, groin or armpits.

Prickly heat usually clears up on its own within a few days. However, in serious cases heat rash can interfere with the body’s heat-regulating mechanism and cause heat exhaustion.
Heatstroke  is a more serious condition when the body can no longer cool itself. This is a medical emergency.

What causes prickly heat rash?

 

Heat rash begins with excessive perspiration, usually in a hot, humid environment. The perspiration makes it easier for dead skin  cells and bacteria on the skin  to block the sweat glands, forming a barrier and trapping sweat beneath the skin, where it builds up, causing the characteristic bumps. As the bumps burst and sweat is released, there may be a prickly, or stinging sensation that gives this condition its name.

What are the symptoms of heat rash?

Small, itchy red bumps on the skin are the symptoms of heat rash. The rash may feel prickly, stinging or burning.For appointments for treatments call 9004839333.Clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra.

 

PIGMENTATION

Normal skin contains cells called melanocytes. These cells produce Melanin, the substance that gives skin its color.

Skin with too much melanin is called hyperpigmented skin.

Skin with too little melanin is called hypopigmented skin.

Pale skin areas are due to too little melanin or underactive melanocytes. Darker areas of skin (or an area that tans more easily) occurs when you have more melanin or overactive melanocytes.

Bronzing of the skin may sometimes be mistaken for a suntan. This skin discoloration often develops slowly, starting at the elbows, knuckles, and knees and spreading from there. Bronzing may also be seen on the soles of the feet and the palms of the hands. The bronze color can range from light to dark (in fair-skinned people) with the degree of darkness due to the underlying cause.

Causes

Causes of hyperpigmentation include:

  • Skin inflammation (post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation)
  • Use of certain drugs (such as minocycline and birth control pills)
  • Endocrine diseases such as Addison diseases
  • Hemochromatosis (iron overload)
  • Sun exposure
  • Pregnancy

Causes of hypopigmentation include:

  • Skin inflammation
  • Certain fungal infections (such as tinea versicolor)
  • Pityriasis alba
  • Vitiligo
  • Certain medicines
  • Skin condition called idiopathic guttate hyomelanosis

For appointments call 9004839333 at our clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra    in Mumbai  for all skin,hair and nail ailments.

SKIN TAGS

Skin tags are common, acquired benign skin growths that resemble a small, soft balloon suspended on a slender stalk. Skin tags are harmless growths that can vary in number from one to hundreds. Males and females are equally prone to developing skin tags. Obesity seems to be associated with skin tag development. Although some skin tags may fall off spontaneously, most persist once formed. The medical name for skin tag is acrochordon. Some people call them “skin tabs.”

Early on, skin tags may be as small as a flattened pinhead-sized bump. While most tags typically are small (2 mm-5 mm in diameter) at approximately one-third to one-half the size of a pencil eraser, some skin tags may become as large as a big grape (1 cm in diameter) or a fig (5 cm in diameter).For treatment and appointment call 9004839333.Clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai.

ALL ABOUT FINGERNAILS

Your fingernails — composed of laminated layers of a protein called keratin — grow from the area at the base of the nail under your cuticle. Healthy fingernails are smooth, without pits or grooves. They’re uniform in color and consistency and free of spots or discoloration.

Sometimes fingernails develop harmless vertical ridges that run from the cuticle to the tip of the nail. Vertical ridges tend to become more prominent with age. Fingernails can also develop white lines or spots due to injury, but these eventually grow out with the nail.

Not all nail conditions are normal, however. Consult your dermatologist if you notice:

  • Changes in nail color, such as discoloration of the entire nail or a dark streak under the nail
  • Changes in nail shape, such as curled nails
  • Thinning or thickening of the nails
  • Separation of the nail from the surrounding skin
  • Bleeding around the nails
  • Swelling or pain around the nails

Fingernail care: Do’s and don’ts

To keep your fingernails looking their best:

  • Keep fingernails dry and clean.This prevents bacteria from growing under your fingernails. Repeated or prolonged contact with water can contribute to split fingernails. Wear cotton-lined rubber gloves when washing dishes, cleaning or using harsh chemicals.
  • Practice good nail hygiene.Use a sharp manicure scissors or clippers. Trim your nails straight across, then round the tips in a gentle curve.
  • Use moisturizer.When you use hand lotion, rub the lotion into your fingernails and cuticles, too.
  • Apply a protective layer.Applying a nail hardener might help strengthen nails.
  • Consumption of biotin. The nutritional supplement biotin might help strengthen weak or brittle fingernails after consultation from a board certified Dermatologist.

For appointments call 9004839333.Clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai.

FAST FACTS ON PSORIASIS

What Is Psoriasis?

Psoriasis is a skin disease that causes scaling and inflammation (pain, swelling, heat, and redness). Skin cells grow deep in the skin and slowly rise to the surface. This process is called cell turnover, and it takes about a month. With psoriasis, it can happen in just a few days because the cells rise too fast and pile up on the surface.

Most psoriasis causes patches of thick, red skin with silvery scales. These patches can itch or feel sore. They are often found on the elbows, knees, other parts of the legs, scalp, lower back, face, palms, and soles of the feet. But they can show up other places such as fingernails, toenails, genitals, and inside the mouth.

  • Who gets Psoriasis?
  • What  causes Psoriasis?
  • How is Psoriasis diagnosed?
  • How is Psoriasis treated?

Who Gets Psoriasis?

Anyone can get psoriasis, but it occurs more often in adults. In many cases, there is a family history of psoriasis. Certain genes have been linked to the disease. Men and women get psoriasis at about the same rate.

What Causes Psoriasis?

Psoriasis begins in the immune system, mainly with a type of white blood cell called a T cell. T cells help protect the body against infection and disease. With psoriasis, T cells are put into action by mistake. They become so active that they set off other immune responses. This leads to swelling and fast turnover of skin cells. People with psoriasis may notice that sometimes the skin gets better and sometimes it gets worse. Things that can cause the skin to get worse include:

  • Infections
  • Stress
  • Changes in weather that dry the skin
  • Certain medicines.

How Is Psoriasis Diagnosed?

Psoriasis can be hard to diagnose because it can look like other skin diseases. The doctor might need to look at a small skin sample under a microscope.

How Is Psoriasis Treated?

Treatment depends on:

  • How serious the disease is
  • The size of the psoriasis patches
  • The type of psoriasis
  • How the patient reacts to certain treatments.

For appointments call 9004839333.Clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai.

STEPS TO PREVENT SUNTAN

Here are 4 ways to deal with that stubborn sun tan:

  1. Make sunscreen your best friend: Sunscreen is your knight in shining armour against the harsh sun. Apply broad-spectrum, water-resistant sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher prior to going out. Re-apply the sunscreen every two hours. And yes! You are exposed to UV rays on cloudy days too.
  2. Go chemical:In case of severe sun tanning which results in hyper-pigmentation, treatments such as chemical peels can work wonders.  The fundamental mechanism of the action of chemical peels is the elimination of unnecessary melanin by causing a controlled chemical burn to the skin
  3. Prevention better than cure:To avoid getting tanned, opt for scarves and hats to cover up and stay protected. Wear full sleeved clothing when going out, especially during noon time when the sun rays are very strong
  4. Avoid sun bathing and tanning beds:While getting a tan may appear fashionable, sun bathing for hours can lead to age spots and cause skin wrinkles.

For appointments for any skin,hair and nail disorders call 9004839333.Clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai.