ALLERGY

An allergy is a reaction by your immune system to something that does not bother most other people. People who have allergies often are sensitive to more than one thing. Substances that often cause reactions are

  • Pollen
  • Dust mites
  • Mold spores
  • Pet dander
  • Food
  • Insect stings
  • Medicines

Normally, your immune system fights germs. It is your body’s defense system. In most allergic reactions, however, it is responding to a false alarm. Genes and the environment probably both play a role.It is necessary to visit a board certified dermatologist for Allergy treatment.Call 9004839333 for appointments.Clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai.

MOLLUSCUM CONTAGIOSUM

The condition spreads through contact with an infected person or a contaminated object.
Though painless, the small bumps might itch. Scratched bumps can spread infection to surrounding skin.

Molluscum contagiosum can affect anyone of any age. It is most common in children, and mostly happens in children aged 1-4. However, it can also affect adults.

The small lumps on the skin (the mollusca) usually develop 2-7 weeks after you become infected with the virus. Typically, each molluscum lasts about 6-12 weeks, crusts over, and then goes. However, new ones tend to appear as old ones are going, as the virus spreads to other areas of skin. Therefore, crops of mollusca may appear to come and go for several months.

To reduce the chance of passing it on to others, it is sensible not to share towels, clothes, soft toys, or bathwater if you have molluscum contagiosum. Also, try to avoid skin-to-skin contact with other people (for example, by covering affected areas with clothing). For adults who have mollusca, a condom should be used during sex. This will not completely stop skin-to-skin spread but will reduce the chance of passing it on considerably.

Try not to scratch the mollusca, as this may increase the risk of spreading the rash to other areas of the skin. Molluscum contagiosum can be passed on to other people (is contagious) until the last molluscum has gone.

It is advisable to visit a Dermatologist for treatment and also to check for any underlying immune problem if any.Visit our clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai for all skin,hair and nail ailments.Call 9004839333 for appointments.

SYMPTOMS OF ALOPECIA

The most prominent symptom of alopecia areata is patchy hair loss. Coin-sized patches of hair begin to fall out, mainly from the scalp. Any site of hair growth may be affected, though, including the beard and eyelashes.

The loss of hair can be sudden, developing in just a few days or over a period of a few weeks. There may be itching or burning in the area prior to hair loss. The hair follicles are not destroyed and so hair can re-grow if the inflammation of the follicles subsides. People who experience just a few patches of hair loss often have a spontaneous, full recovery without any form of treatment.

About 30 percent of individuals who develop alopecia areata find that their condition either becomes more extensive or becomes a continuous cycle of hair loss and regrowth.

About half of patients recover from alopecia areata within 1 year, but many will experience more than one episode. Around 10 percent of people will go on to develop alopecia totalis or alopecia universalis.

Alopecia areata can also affect the fingernails and toenails, and sometimes these changes are the first sign that the condition is developing. There are a number of small changes that can occur to nails

  • Pinpoint dents appear
  • White spots and lines appear
  • Nails become rough
  • Nails lose their shine
  • Nails become thin and split

Additional clinical signs include:

  • Exclamation mark hairs – where a few short hairs that get narrower at their bottom and grow in or around the edges of bald spots
  • Cadaver hairs – hairs broken before reaching the skin surface
  • Regrowth of white hair in areas affected by hair loss.

For appointments call 9004839333.Clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai.

 

SYMPTOMS OF FUNGAL NAIL INFECTION

What Does It Look Like?

A fungal infection of the nail may affect part of the nail, the entire nail, or several nails.

Visible Signs

Visible signs of a fungal nail infection include:

  • scaling under the nail, which is called subungual hyperkeratosis
  • white or yellow streaks on the nail, which is called lateral onychomycosis
  • a crumbling corner or tip of the nail, which is called distal onychomycosis
  • flaking white areas on the nail’s surface, which may include pits in the nail
  • the appearance of yellow spots at the bottom of the nail, which is called proximal onychomycosis
  • loss of the nail

Common Signs

Common signs of a fungal nail infection include:

  • a distorted nail that may lift off from the nail bed
  • an odor coming from the infected nail
  • a brittle or thickened nail

Visit our clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai for all skin,hair and nail ailments.

EFFECTS OF AIR POLLUTION ON SKIN

Air pollution has a wide range of sources, the most common include cigarette smoke, dust, smog, and car exhaust. These sources contain tiny particles that can actually penetrate the skin’s barrier and cause problems, including:

  • decreased moisture and elasticity
  • acne
  • dull and dry skin
  • eczema
  • skin allergies
  • rashes
  • wrinkles

Air pollution particles can speed up the normal aging process. While loosing some moisture and elasticity is a part of natural process pollution can starve the skin of oxygen and dry the skin’s natural oils. Some forms of pollution can even create free radicals, which can alter the very DNA of the skin cells, leading to cancer. This is what causes additional damage.For all skin,hair and nail ailments visit our clinics at Malad,Juhu and Bandra in Mumbai.Call 9004839333.